Advocacy is an essential profession for modern society because, through this profession, it is possible to ensure that individuals and legal entities can know and, above all, exercise their rights, both before the Judiciary and in the world of extrajudicial business relations.
Individuals and legal entities conduct daily legal business in a number of areas, such as Consumer Law, Tax Law, Labor and Employment Law, Civil Law, Intellectual Property Law, Administrative Law, Copyright, Family Law and Probate Law Constitutional Law, Electoral Law, Environmental Law, Business Law, Competition Law and many others.
The social fact (everyday life, market, etc.) and the Law mix and move, as far as possible, hand in hand and one day find themselves to converge and evolve. This noble and millennial profession, one of the oldest of humanity, plays a fundamental role in today’s society. The lawyer is the defender against injustice, abuses of power and violations of rights. It is the lawyer who seeks compliance with the legal system, according to ethical, plural and democratic values, always aiming to achieve a more just society.
In this sense, it can be affirmed that the Advocacy is indispensable so that, in an always diligent way and as a medium activity, its main actors act ethically in the untiring search for Justice in its highest degree of coherence with democracy.
With globalization and dynamism present in today’s society, a lawyer has an even more important role, that is, to avoid or minimize conflicts of interest, acting in a preventive, advisory, guiding and conciliatory way. Always before taking a step the client should seek from his lawyer the correct guidance on how to proceed in this or that situation. Acting in this way can be avoided “endless” proceedings before the Judiciary, reducing monetary and psychological costs for the subjects involved.
It is widely recommended that legal and physical persons have previously constituted lawyers, availing themselves of them in advance to carry out the acts of their civil, business and business activities. Therefore, a lawyer is a basic profession so that there is harmonious life in society and must be exercised by its operators with absolute ethics, transparency, social responsibility and sustainability because of its importance.
In Preparers Oppositions Teaching, we want to always provide you with more information about the world of law, therefore, we are going to comment on the great importance of the lawyer in society, since although each profession has its important place or contribution to the system social, the legal profession has some basic functions that are very valuable.
The lawyer as a mediator
In ancient times, individuals, by nature, were grouped having as leader or boss a single person who determined empirically the guidelines that the members of those groups should obey. Little by little, with the passage of time and the intellectual evolution of human beings, mechanisms were created to establish norms that function as control of the acts within the same social nucleus.
From there, and like any other profession that arises from the need for human talent to perform various activities, the law as a system of justice has life, and the importance of the lawyer in society becomes much stronger as the person who is responsible for performing this profession, must function as a mediator between individuals and standards previously stipulated by the legal system of any society.
The lawyer as a defender
We are sure that this profession is one of the noblest, because although the lawyer is prepared to mediate in two parts, complying fully with the norms contemplated by the legal system of a country or social group, he is also obliged to defend, to advocate, and even more so for the less favored.
Many people do not have the economic or intellectual resource to be able to defend themselves against any charge that is imputed to them, for that reason, the lawyer fulfills the role of interceptor and collaborator before possible disadvantages that they may have before others, certain persons. This function is vital since if the position of the lawyer did not exist within the system, it would be impossible for many to defend themselves against any situation that deserves it; this is one of the things you should know if you want to study law.
The lawyer as a connoisseur
There should be no person who is more aware of the guidelines proposed by the law than the lawyer. This is a promoter of peace and social conciliation that should use the only and strongest resource that has at its disposal to achieve this: the law. If there were no people to enforce this, society would definitely become chaotic, and consequently, the correct development of it would not be possible.
The importance of the lawyer lies in that he fulfills basic functions as mediator, expert, and defender of law and justice, which are of great value to society. Definitely, without the presence of a person in charge of enforcing the laws, it would be more difficult to develop ourselves in a fair and correct system.
Legal science is one of the oldest social sciences. Historically, its occurrence is associated with the emergence and development of law. Already in ancient Greek philosophy, the most important theoretical problems of legal science were posed, and Roman jurists developed legal concepts and constructions that have retained their significance in modern times. Problems of law play an important role in a modern democratic society and legal state, which contributes to the fact that legal science occupies one of the leading places among the social sciences.
In this regard, the problem of professional ethics of lawyers is becoming increasingly relevant. For the given period in our country, the special education literature intended for mastering knowledge in the field of legal ethics is obviously not enough. Publications on its problems not numerous and to a certain extent do not reflect modern ideas, although the sphere of activity of lawyers is constantly expanding. Therefore, there is a growing need to incorporate the foundations of professional ethics into the curriculum of law schools.
The legal culture of people united in social communities is, in many respects, an objective phenomenon taking shape under the influence of a combination of numerous factors: socio-economic, political, ethnic, psychological, cultural-historical. But this does not mean at all that the process of formation of the consciousness of people in the legal field cannot be influenced purposefully. On the contrary, legal consciousness, as well as moral, religious, scientific consciousness, needs systematic rational formation, stimulation, and positive social development. In this regard, the main task of lawyers is to resolve conflict situations in society and participate in the legal education of citizens.
Lawyers familiarize people with knowledge of the state and law, legality, rights and freedoms of an individual, and develop citizens with a stable orientation toward law-abiding behavior. In this regard, the Ministry of Justice is charged with coordinating the activities of ministries and other central and local executive authorities, enterprises, institutions and organizations with regard to the legal education of the population, provides methodological support for this education, the formation of a legal worldview among citizens.
At the initiative of the departments of justice, most regional and district state administrations approved regional programs of legal education. Considerable attention is paid to the legal topics of the media. The task of lawyers is to cover the activities of judicial authorities and courts more broadly and more convincingly, to show their role in building the rule of law, to increase the authority of the judiciary, to clarify new laws so that every citizen is familiar with their rights and duties.